5) Forest & hill soils. what ae the crops grown in alluvial soil. Soil. Needs high temperature, rainfall and humidity. Formation: They are mainly derived from the debris brought down from the Himalayas or the silt left out by the retreating sea. Crops grown in alluvial soil 1 See answer spriya1guptarent is waiting for your help. Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan, they extend into the plains of Gujarat. • It can be divided into two parts:- 1. CROPS GROWN: All types of crops grown in alluvial soils can be grown here but with the extensive external support of water and fertilizers. Hill slopes are more suitable for growth of this crop. The laterite soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall. Their fertility is also different at different places. 3) Deep soil – Soil depth is more than 45cm. • Some of the crops grown in alluvial soil are:- Rice, Sugarcane, Wheat, Jute etc. The Soils in the district are made up of Alluvial, Black regur and Red ferruginous besides a small belt of erinaceous sandy soils along coastal belt. Alluvial soil Alluvial soil have been deposited by the Indus, ... Andhra Pradesh and Kerala are more suitable for crops like cashew nut. Each soil type has specific characteristics and suitable to grow only certain type of crop. 2) Medium deep soil – Soil depth is 22.5 to 45cm. Paddy, Nagli. Desert Soil. Practically all of the irrigation is done "hand-move solid set" systems. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. Soil: They are less sensitive to soil deficiencies. A wide variety of crops is grown in these soils. Grows best in alluvial clayey soil… The crops that can be grown in alluvial soils include wheat, rice, barley, maize,bajra, jowar, pea, pigeon pea, chickpea, black gram, green gram, soybean, groundnut, mustard, linseed, sesame, sugarcane, jute, cotton and tobacco. Farmers usually have local agricultural experts test the soil on their land for information on how to proceed in growing crops. Wheat – (i) Wheat requires a cool growing season. Then, we have soil health details -- red soil, black soil, alluvial soil and so on. I previously lived in the Cascade Mountains. Add your answer and earn points. Brainly User Brainly User crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco,cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits are very much suited for growing in alluvial soil. Alluvial Soils. Loam … 3) Black soil. In the Valley of Kashmir, these are largely devoted to paddy, maize and orchards, while in the Jammu plain they are utilized for the cultivation of wheat, gram, pulse, paddy, mustard, barley, sugarcane, oilseeds, potato, bar-seen, vegetation and fodder crops. ALLUVIAL SOIL • Alluvial soil is seen in many parts of the country. When properly irrigated, the alluvial soils yield splendid crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits. Black soils (Vertisols) Black soils are very dark and have a very high clay content. Mountain soil tends to be rich. 2. The pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. To be profitable in grapes farming, you need to go with a long-term plan and substantial capital investment. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Uttara Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of this soil. Selecting the right variety is important in garlic farming. Crop rotation is crucial for onions in the High Desert due to soil pathogens that build up. It appears yellow when it contains less iron or more water. Certain crops may need more of one nutrient, so farmers put back those ingredients into the soil for better crops. Colour: Light Grey to Ash Grey. Despite their shallow roots, papaya trees need deep soil that drains well. In some areas, these soils support grazing grounds and scrub forests. ... Only shallow rooted crops are grown in such soil, e.g. India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute. Such soil is very fertile. Alluvial soil along waterways offers an alternative environment for growth. There are 6 major types of soils, and the percentage of each soil is furnished below. It is found in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal etc. Major Crops Rice Staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). 2) Laterites and lateritic soil. Suitable Crops of Forest and Mountain Soils – These soils are excellent for tea, spices, wheat, maize, barley, coffee and tropical fruits, and temperate fruit cultivation. Share with your friends. Soil Types – Alluvial Soils: Alluvial Soil. Soil Classification on the Based on Color 1. Which crops can grow in mountain soil? Thus they are azonal soils. This is the result of intense leaching due to heavy rain. Loamy, sandy soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation. The intercrops grown were : cowpea (Vigna sinansis)- dwarf type (spacing = … The climatic condition of the research station was humid sub-tropical. 4. Share 1. Here are six types of soil and what to grow in each: 1. Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial coastal plains and river valleys below the 305 meter contour line because of ideal topographical and soil conditions. The Teme valley around Tenbury Wells, where flooding is rare, is famous for its hops and fruit. Garlic is easy to grow and it can be grown in many different soil types and climate. The red color of soil is due to the presence of iron oxide. Mango, coconut. Alluvial soils are most suitable for the cultivation of paddy, wheat, maize and barley. In areas of less rainfall particularly in Punjab and Haryana, it is grown with the help of irrigation. New questions in Social Sciences. Nearly any crops can grow in mountain soil. It requires a mean monthly temperature of 24°C and an average rainfall of 150 cm and deep fertile alluvial soil for its growth. Suitable Crops of Alluvial Soils ... Crops grown in these soils need the addition of the right fertilizers. Major types of soils in India. "We know what each farmer grows, thanks to the crop survey. Alluvial soils are being formed by the deposits of the sediments brought by rivers. Economic value of Laterite – Lateritic Soils. Application of nitrogen through side-dressing to the growing crop is an efficient way of nitrogen application. Texture: Sandy to silty loam or clay. It is a tropical crop which is grown well in alluvial plains and river deltas. The best soil has a balance of nutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, and others. well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate. Crops such as rice, jute, sugarcane, wheat, cotton, maize, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables are grown in alluvial soil. Garlic is a high yield crop and garlic farming can be initiated with small startup capital, provided you have sufficient land. Learn more about Formation of Soil and Soil Profile here. Pink root and aphids are the main causes of problems. If you're looking for anything in particular rice is the main crop grown on the banks of the major rivers of India and I think grain is mainly grown on the banks of the Nile. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. It grows well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,heavy rainfall and humid climate. Sugar cane, Banana, Gram. Red soil. (iv) It is grown in alluvial and loamy soil. The alluvial soils, wherever, irrigated grow two to three crops in a year. Grams. It is grown as a rainfed crop in the black cotton and medium black soils and as an irrigated crop in alluvial soils. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. Alluvial soil: Mostly available soil in India (about 43%) which covers an area of 143 sq.km.Widespread in northern plains and river valleys.In peninsular-India, they are mostly found in deltas and estuaries. #7. They can be grown in inferior alluvial or loamy soil. Pulses . 4) Alluvial soils. Vegetables also grow well in this soil. Crops with long and deep roots are grown in this type a soil e.g. These soils are deficient in nitrogen (N), phosphorus and organic matter. New alluvium is termed as Khadarand old alluvium is termed as Bhangar. It also needs an abundant supply of cheap labour. What is alluvial soil and where is it found? Care should be exercised so as not to apply nitrogen close to the seed as it may prevent germination. Crops with medium deep roots are grown in this type of soil e.g. (v) It is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern parts of India. Regions – You can find Alluvial soils in most part of the delta regions of Northern India. (ii) It requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. Grapes. 7. Available N, P and K of the soil were 178.2, 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and pH was 6.60. Generally, alluvial soils range from near neutral to slightly alkaline in reaction. The sowing season varies from region to region and starts early (April-May) in north India. It's a largely regional thing. new alluvial soil with sandy clay loam in texture. (iii) In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. Most of the cotton-growing areas in the country are in the high to medium rainfall zones. Cotton requires a well-drained soil. Cashew, coffee, tea, cardamom, pepper, rubber, coconut and other commercial crops are grown in this soil. I currently live in the Rocky Mountains. Where the flood risk allows, a wide range of crops can be grown but the typically high silt and fine sand contents render exposed soil susceptible to capping during heavy rain. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. The main types of soil in India are as follows: 1) Red soils. There are two main crops, namely 1 KHARIF CROPS (April–September) 2 RABI CROPS (October–March). When manured and irrigated, some laterites are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut, arecanut, etc. Suitable Crops: Loamy soil is ideal for growing crops such as wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, pulses, and oilseeds. These soil cover more than 35% of the total land in India. KHARIF CROPS: Rice Sorghum Pearl millet Maize Cotton Sugar cane Soybean Groundnut Jowar Bajra Sesame Jute RABI CROPS: Wheat Barley Gram Linseed Rapeseed Mustard Tobacco With its good range of climates and soils… Black soils are most suitable for the cotton crop. Jute was also known as the 'Golden Fibre'. Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India. They have a high moisture retention capacity. Coffee: Coffee requires warm and wet climate and well-drained loamy soil. Temperature: 20-25 degree Celsius (Mild cool & Dry Climate) Rainfall: 40-45 cm Alluvial soils are highly fertile so a large number of crops can be grown. 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