There are dwarf cultivars as well. Bougainvillea spectabilis grows as a woody vine or shrub, reaching 15 to 40 feet (4.6 to 12.2 m) with heart-shaped leaves and thorny, pubescent stems. The bracts can vary in color, ranging from white, red, mauve, purple-red, or orange. Family: Nyctaginaceae. Lesser Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) has distinctly 5-angled (pentagonal) floral tubes and short floral bracts and is distinguished from Great Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) which has rounded floral tubes and longer floral bracts but they are otherwise very similar. Origin: South America. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Its fruit is a small, inconspicuous, dry, elongated achene. It needs a dormant period and benefits from "neglect". Minimum USDA Hardiness Zone: 9A-11 It is native to Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, and Argentina's Chubut Province. Drought Tolerance: High. The actual leaves are green. Bougainvillea spectabilis contains pinitol, which has an insulin-like effect and has the potential for development as a treatment for diabetes. Tip: Reduce water and fertilizer and prune if necessary after flowering. GROWTH RATE. Bougainvillea spectabilis, the most frequently used, grows into a very large, sprawling shrub or vine to a height or spread of as much as 20 feet. Average Size at Maturity Climbs 15 ft. tall with support; 1 1/2 ft. tall, 8 ft. wide as groundcover. Height/Spread: Most varieties of bougainvillea grow 20 to 30 feet tall and wide with support. These grow individually in pairs or in groups of three on flower stems about 3.5 millimeters long. Bougainvillea ‘Amethyst’ and Bougainvillea ‘Alexandra’ produce paler purple flowers, and in favourable locations will survive temperatures down to … The colored bracts are the source of visual appeal. Height 7-12m. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a tropical perennial shrubby vine grown as an annual or container plant and makes an excellent addition to a pool or patio space. Native to Brazil. Winged achenes are 1-1.5 cm, elongate, 5-ribbed containing 1 seed and are distributed by wind and water. Straight species Bougainvillea spectabilis is just as (if not more so) amazing in form, color, and hardiness than any of her cultivar children. Its huge clusters of yellow flowers are perfect for any landscape. Bougainvillea spectabilis is naturally found in South America growing into trees along forest margins. [5] It can be propagated from stem and root cuttings. Spread: Indefinite. But when planted next to tall tree or with other type of support, it's stems can climb on it even up to 15m height. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) Bougainvillea spectabilis - Great Bougainvillea Full sun Hardy and vigorous Blooms well in cool summers The tube is the same color as the bracts, with white lobes approximately 3 mm long and 5-10 stamens. 55.00 AED. Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. The bracts can vary in color, ranging from white, red, mauve, purple-red, or orange. Nyctaginaceae. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Flowers and Bracts: Relatively inconspicuous, 0.1"-0.3" wide, cream-white. Sunset Garden Zones: 5, 6, 12-17, 19, 21-24. This plant loves the heat too. Mature Height: 15 feet. can grow to be as tall as 20 feet high, with a spread just as wide. [3][5], Bougainvillea spectabilis is native to Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, and Chubut Province, Argentina, but it has been introduced in many other areas. - 10 ft. 0 in. On its own it can create around 4m height wide bush with weeping branches. It can be found cultivated and naturalized across Asia, Africa, tropical America, the West Indies, the Mediterranean region, and on many islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans in tropical and warm temperate regions. Mature Height & Spread: 4′ x 6′ Exposure: Full sun. Flowers are found in axillary clusters of three, each flower with a purple, red, pink, or orange bract beneath. Bougainvillea glabra exhibits carmine-rose bracts, small leaves and reaches a maximum size of 10 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Bougainvillea is a hardy tropical vine that grows in areas where winter temperatures remain above 30 degrees F. (-1 C.). Stems have long narrow thorns in the axils of leaves. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a tropical perennial shrubby vine grown as an annual or container plant and makes an excellent addition to a pool or patio space. Bougainvillea can come as a bush, tree, or vine that produces large amounts of stunning flowers in a slew of colors. Max Height: 8-12m. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day). Height (on average, in landscape use): 3'- 4' ... Bougainvillea spectabilis 'Hawaiian Torch' pruned into a spherical bush. N.C. Once established, they are drought resistant. Large, vivid red-violet bracts surround tiny little cream colored true blossoms which, at the height of the bloom, can completely cover the entire plant. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Bougainvillea brasiliensis - Purple Bougainvillea This compact Bougainvillea has an upright, spreading habit. Many varieties are available with colorful bracts ranging in shades of red and pink to purple, orange and white. Common name Bougainvillea Botanical name Bougainvillea Group Evergreen climber Flowering time Summer to autumn Planting time Spring Height and spread 4-8m (13-26ft) height and 1-1.5m (3-5ft) spread Aspect Bright light with protection in mid-summer Hardiness Half hardy (required heated glasshouse; may be grown outside in summer) NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The plant usually produces three rounds of vibrant blooms in spring, summer, and autumn. Leaves of the species B. spectabilis is a source of a newly discovered compound, pinitol, used to treat some metabolic diseases such as insulin resistant diabetes. Special Features: Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Coastal Conditions, Hedge. Height: To 20 feet. Common Name: Paper Flower, Great Bougainvillea. It is a woody climber that can support itself on other plants by means of curved thorns carried in the leaf axils and by quasi-twining stems and should be kept away from high traffic areas as the thorns can be painful. ... Bougainvillea is an evergreen, climbing shrub producing stems up to 10 metres long[200. The purples and deep magentas include the popular Bougainvillea × buttiana ‘Poulton’s Special’, which has the RHS Award of Garden Merit, Bougainvillea ‘Braziliensus’ and Bougainvillea ‘Lilac’, which grows to a manageable 150cm height and spread. Jerry visits a bougainvillea inspired garden. The leaf-like bracts are purple, oblong or elliptical, pointed, 2.5 to 3.5 inches long and about 2 inches wide. Temperature. Effect on human is still unknown. Bougainvillea spectabilis Orange 70 – 90cm Height. The flowers are generally small, white, and inconspicuous, highlighted by several brightly colored modified leaves called bracts. Bloom Time: Spring, Summer, Fall. Because of the bougainvillea rapid growth rate, they can be made into a 3- or 4-foot "tree" in as little as three years, depending on the length of the growing season and the vigor of the plant. Bougainvillea spectabilis can grow up to 20 feet in either direction, while Bougainvillea glabra has a 10-foot spread in width and height. Bougainvillea Spectabilis. Size. It prefers moderately fertile, organically rich soil that retains moisture but is not soggy. The name is often applied uncritically to material of hybrid origin[266. [2][3], Bougainvillea spectabilis grows as a woody vine or shrub, reaching 15 to 40 feet (4.6 to 12.2 m)[4][5] with heart-shaped leaves and thorny, pubescent stems. Lower surfaces are softly hairy with prominent venation and slender petioles. The flowers are generally small, white, and inconspicuous, highlighted by several brightly colored modified leaves called bracts. Water: Medium Water. The Distribution of Bougainvillea spectabilis. Bougainvillea is attractive to bees, butterflies, and birds. The plant is also widely grown as an ornamental plant.[3]. Bougainvillea is best suited to a hot, dry climate and should be watered deeply but allowed to dry out between waterings. And because its branches are thick and long, it’s well suited for climbing the garden wall or a trellis. Bougainvillea needs at least 6 hours of full sun a day to flower profusely and look its best. Both species grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 … Bougainvillea spectabilis. Choose a full sun location and a training system for your bougainvillea. They tower over the flowers. Height: 64 cm. It is pollinated by night moths, bees, and butterflies. Botanical Descriptions. Bougainvillea spectabilis has anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-tumor, anti-hypercholestrolemic, anti-hyperlipidemic, and anti-fertility properties in animals. Plant in full sun. Mature Form: Sprawling 10° - 25°C (50° - 78°F) Common Name: Bougainvillea white and pink variegated bangalore flower show 2015 Climbing Method: Scrambler Dimensions: Height: 10 ft. 0 in. It prefers a well drained humus rich moist loamy soil with a pH range from 5.5 to 7.0 and grows in an open sunny position. Deep purple bracts pop against bright green foliage. The most popular indoor species, B. spectabilis, was first described by Carl Ludwig Willdenow, using the Latin word for 'spectacular' that refers to the large show of blooms put out in the spring or summer. Feed your bougainvillea with a fertilizer containing nitrogen and phosphate, once a month, during the bloomer period i.e., from early spring to mid-summer. Container Sizes #1, #2, #5, #15. [3], The Yanadi tribe of Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, India, once used the leaves of Bougainvillea spectabilis to heal diabetes. It is best tied to a structure such as a  fence, wall, or pergola for support. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Annual Perennial Shrub Vine Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen Habit/Form: Arching Cascading Climbing Multi-trunked Spreading Growth Rate: Rapid Mature Width: 20 feet. Willd. Leaves are elliptical or ovate with the apex acute, obtuse, or acuminate and the base obtuse, rounded, or attenuate, slightly asymmetrical. It prefers moderately fertile, organically rich soil that retains moisture but is not soggy. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a woody perennial plant with tendencies to climb. Bougainvillea spectabilis, also known as great bougainvillea,[1] is a species of flowering plant. Bougainvilleas can be trained up a railing, pole, fence, or garden trellis. - 20 ft. 0 in. If grown as groundcover, they will be 1-1/2 to 2 feet tall and spread 8 to 10 feet wide. Width: 6 ft. 0 in. Photo by Matthew Gaston. It is frost tender but drought resistant. Bougainvillea spectabilis grows as a woody vine or shrub, reaching 15 to 40 feet (4.6 to 12.2 m) with heart-shaped leaves and thorny, pubescent stems. Flower Colour: Orange. Purple or pink bracts, 5-6cm long, are produced from spring to summer. This bougainvillea variety can grow 30 feet in height and up to 10 feet wide so it … This plant also has modified leaves called bracts (that may look like petals) and give the appearance of flowers. Woody perennial plants such as bougainvillea can be trained as standards which are a tree like form. Play. Branches are covered with long, soft hairs. Bougainvillea is a beautiful tropical perennial that is hardy in USDA zones 9b through 11. Bougainvillea spectabilis Red is vigorous, evergreen or almost deciduous climber with stems bearing down-cruving thorns and ovate, downy, mid-green leaves, 10cm long. Can reach 15 feet with support; as a trailer, it grows 112 feet tall, 68 feet wide. [5] The flowers are generally small, white, and inconspicuous, highlighted by several brightly colored modified leaves called bracts. The extract and decoction of this plant have been used as fertility control among the tribal people in many countries. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bougainvillea_spectabilis&oldid=995513200, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 13:13. Nurseries typically carry two species: Bougainvillea spectabilis, commonly called great bougainvillea, and Bougainvillea glabra, commonly called paper bougainvillea because of the bracts on its flowers. It also is believed to have anticancer, antihepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiulcer properties. Flower Color: Red. [3], Bougainvillea spectabilis can grow in hardiness zones 10-11, preferring full sun , dry conditions, and fertile soil. 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