Alexander was the eldest son of Amyntas III and Eurydice. Son of King Philip II of Macedon by Philinna of Larissa, and thus an elder half-brother of Alexander the Great. 2. Not many Macedonians wanted to serve a halfblood king. Because Roxana was pregnant when her husband died and the sex of the baby was unknown, there was dissension in the Macedonian army regarding the order of succession. To conquer Persia was to conquer the world, for the Persian Empire sprawled over most of the known world: Asia Minor, the Middle East, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Iran. [8], One of the royal tombs discovered by the archaeologist Manolis Andronikos in the so-called "Great Tumulus" in Vergina in 1977/8 is believed to belong to Alexander IV.[9]. Although both Polyperchon and Aeacidas tried to relieve her, she was forced into surrender. Alexander III of Macedon made a impact on his people. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained much knowledge of Greece and its people. The error was caused by a modern misreading. PCW-G6942- KINGS of MACEDON. In the autumn of 318, Polyperchon's navy was defeated by Antigonus' fleet in the Bosphorus, and Polyperchon lost control of the Aegean Sea. However, the new king was mentally unfit to rule, and the influence of … Although in Babylonia and Egypt, people continued to date letters according to the regnal years of the boy-king Alexander IV, the main result of the treaty was that Roxane and the twelve year old Alexander were killed: neither Cassander, nor his enemies could allow the boy to live. Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. He brought with him Roxana and the two kings to Macedon and gave up the pretence of ruling Alexander's Empire, leaving former provinces in Egypt and Asia under the control of the satraps. Alexander the Great, also known as Alexander III of Macedon, was the king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. When Antipater died in 319 BC he left Polyperchon, a Macedonian general who had served under Philip II and Alexander the Great, as his successor, passing over his own son, Cassander. If the child was male, then he would be king. Alexander III of Macedon. The orders were carried out, and they were both poisoned. Cassander allied himself with Ptolemy Soter, Antigonus and Eurydice, the ambitious wife of king Philip Arrhidaeus, and declared war upon the Regency. Alexander IV (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος Δ΄; 323–309 BC), erroneously cried sometimes in modren times Aegus, wis the son o Alexander the Great (Alexander III o Macedon) an Princess Roxana o Bactrie. His parents were Philip II of Macedon and his wife Olympias. In the east, Antigonus had defeated Eumenes and had reorganized the eastern satrapies of the Macedonian Empire. Many supporters of Cassander were massacred as well (text). Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. After a severe regency, military failure in Egypt, and mutiny in the army, Perdiccas was assassinated by his senior officers in May or June 321 or 320 BC (problems with Diodorus's chronology have made the year uncertain[7]), after which Antipater was named as the new regent at the Partition of Triparadisus. Roxane and Alexander now accepted Cassander as regent, and that was the end of the Second Diadoch War in the west. What if the … Press J to jump to the feed. All content copyright © 1995–2020 Livius.org. Philip III Arrhidaeus (c. 359 BC – 25 December, 317 BC) reigned as king of Macedonia from after 11 June 323 BC until his death. Alexander IV (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος Δ΄; 323 – 309 BC), erroneously called sometimes in modern times Aegus,[2] was the son of Alexander the Great (Alexander III of Macedon) and Princess Roxana of Bactria. 382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–336 B.C. Here, they were joined by Olympias, the mother of Alexander the Great, and king Aeacidas of Epirus. At Triparadisus (Baalbek? Roxana with Alexander IV Aegus … While the infantry supported the baby's uncle, Philip III (who was feeble-minded), the chiliarch Perdiccas, commander of the elite Companion cavalry, persuaded them to wait in the hope that Roxana's unborn child would be male. 189 likes. Pydna, Tombstone of a horseman. According to Diodorus of Sicily, the executioner was a man named Glaucias. At first, Antigonus was successful (he allied himself to his former enemy Polyperchon, and gained the Peloponnese), but he lost the east to Seleucus, an ally of Ptolemy. But not of Alexander. Still, he may have been a bit disappointed. Arridaeus was immediately executed (25 December). 336-323 BC. The factions compromis… Alexander III. Alexander IV. After his father's death in 369 BC Alexander inherited the throne. 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